Los pronombres de objeto directo y de objeto indirecto—un repaso y un paso más

In this unit we will learn to use pronouns to replace both the direct and indirect object in the same sentence, but first, please review the explanations of direct and indirect object pronouns from Unit 4. Seriously, this will help you with the next step!

Now that you remember about how direct and indirect object pronouns are formed and how they function in Spanish, we are ready to learn more about their positions in a sentence and how to combine them in the same sentence.

La posición de los pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto

1. Estos pronombres siempre se ubican ANTES del verbo conjugado cuando hay sólo un verbo en la oración.

Objeto directo

Objeto indrecto

Notice that in the first sentence the indirect object pronoun “les” is included along with the actual indirect object “los estudiantes”. This is an idiosyncrasy of Spanish grammar because the indirect object pronoun is absolutely redundant. This is the case in ALL Spanish sentences in which the indirect object is overtly expressed: you MUST include the indirect object pronoun (me, te, le, etc.) in all sentences that have an indirect object, but may also name the indirect object using “a” (a mí, a los profesores, etc.). You may remember this with respect to GUSTAR-like constructions (which are also indirect object constructions).

Quick review! Do you remember what the grammatical function of “el juego” is?

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  The subject of the sentence!

If this is unclear, please review.

Cuando hay un verbo conjugado más un infinitivo en una oración, hay dos lugares donde se puede ubicar los pronombres.

It is important to note that when a sentence contains a conjugated verb before an infinitive (verb phrase) ...

... the directo object pronoun can be positioned BEFORE the conjugated verb or AFTER and CONNECTED TO the infinitive.

The same is true of indirect object constructions ...

El orden de los pronombres de objeto directo e indirecto cuando se combinan

The next logical question is, “What do you do when you want to use a direct object pronoun AND an indirect object pronoun in the same sentence?”

1. El pronombre de objeto indirecto SIEMPRE se ubica ANTES del pronombre de objeto directo.

This is also true when the sentence contains a verb phrase (conjugated verb + infinitve):

Did you notice the accent mark over the á in dártelo? This is necessary to maintain the correct stress pattern: DARtelo. So any time you add two pronouns to an infinitive, you will add an accent to the end of the infinitive (-AR, -ER, or -IR).

2. One last step and one more type of “se”.

Hopefully, this has been clear so far, but this final point may be a little tricky at first: When the indirect object “le” or “les” (3rd person singular or plural) is combined with ANY direct object pronoun, LE and LES change to SE.

This is also the case with constructions that contain verb phrases:

The accent mark over the á is there for the same reason as before—to maintain the correct stress pattern: enseÑARselo.

*Ojo: Right now our goal is for you to be able to produce these constructions when you are writing (when you have time to think about the rule and check your work). For most learners of Spanish, the ability to produce double object construction in spontaneous speech is developed at a much later stage of acquisition, so be patient with yourself. (We will be, too!)

the root
all verbs that are built from a verb with an irregular root (the ones in the chart above)
destination
deadline
destination in space
Centroamérica