Los pronombres de objeto indirecto

FORMAS

Subject pronouns   Indirect object pronouns
I we   me us
you you (guys/all)   you you
he/she/it they   him/her/it them
Pronombres de sujeto   Pronombres de objeto indirecto*
yo nosotros/as   me nos
vosotros/as   te os
él/ella ellos/ellas   le les

* Ojo:  These look a lot like the direct object pronouns. Note the difference in the 3rd person singular and plural. Indirect object pronouns are not marked for the gender of the noun they replace.

Los pronombres de objeto indirecto van ANTES de un verbo conjugado y ANTES o DESPUÉS de un infinitivo.

(Ellos) me regalaron un coche.
They gave me a car.

Me van a regalar un coche.                 o                      Van a regalarme un coche.
They are going to give me a car.

FUNCIONES

Muchas veces el objeto indirecto de una oración contesta las preguntas: ¿a quién/es? Se ven los pronombres de objeto indirecto en dos tipos de oraciones:

Tipo 1

El chico le da el reloj a la chica.
The boy gives the watch to the girl.

In this sentence, the direct object (el reloj) answers the question “gives what?” and the indirect object answers the question “to whom?”

Tipo 2

Le gusta el helado a la chica.       o       A la chica le gusta el helado.
The girl likes ice cream.                                The girl likes ice cream. 

All “GUSTAR-LIKE” constructions are actually indirect object constructions. In Spanish, ice cream is the subject of the sentence and must agree with the verb GUSTAR, resulting in a literal translation of “Ice cream is pleasing”. The indirect object answers the question “to whom is the ice cream pleasing?” 

Answer: to the girl

Los siguientes verbos comunes que suelen funcionar como GUSTAR:

These look a lot like the direct object pronouns. Note the difference in the 3rd person singular and plural. Indirect object pronouns are not marked for the gender of the noun they replace.]
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